Conservation and sustainable use of wetlands in Nepal
Wetlands are highly dynamic and the most vulnerable ecosystems in Nepal. They cover more than 6% of the total surface areas of the country. Wetlands range from the floodplains of snow-fed cold Himalayan rivers, to rivers originating in the mid-hills, high altitude glacial lakes and hot springs, ponds, ox bow lakes, marshes and swamps. Nepal’s wetlands, particularly those of the Terai are critically important for supporting significant species diversity and populations of globally threatened flora and fauna.
Nepal has a number of wetlands in the country that are important to support both livelihood and biodiversity.
In partnership with Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wetlands in Nepal (CSUWN), a joint undertaking of Government of Nepal/ UNDP and Ghodaghodi Lake Conservation and Awareness Forum, Himalayan Nature has conducted various activities in the Ghodaghodi Lake Area. These included participatory monitoring of biodiversity and habitat restoration programs. As part of the training, more than 10 community members have been trained who are capable of conducting local level monitoring.
Habitat restoration has been completed in the Ghodaghodi Lake Area. The construction of floating islands, creation of additional sand banks for animals to rest and nest, the protection of crocodile breeding areas by fencing, the control of recreational activities and regulation of fishing and natural resources use patterns are included in this program.
Populations of the Cotton Pygmy Goose and Marsh Mugger have increased in the area compared with previous surveys. Both have been identified as indicator species by the CSUWN.